Python 3.9 is the latest major release of the Python language. It includes many new features such as new dict operators, new str functions, support for IANA time zone, and more .
In this article, we'll show you how to install Python 3.9 on Debian 10.
Installing Python 3.9 on Debian 10
Install the dependencies necessary to build Python:
sudo apt install wget
sudo apt install build-essential zlib1g-dev libncurses5-dev libgdbm-dev libnss3-dev libssl-dev libsqlite3-dev libreadline-dev libffi-dev curl libbz2-dev
Download the latest release's source code from the Python download page with wget :
Once the download is complete, extract the gzipped archive :
tar -xf Python-3.9.1.tgz
Navigate to the Python source directory and execute the configure script:
The --enable-optimizations option optimizes the Python binary by running multiple tests. This makes the build process slower.
The script runs a number of checks to make sure all of the dependencies on your system are present:
Start the Python 3.9 build process:
make -j 2
For faster build time, modify the -j to correspond to the number of cores in your processor. You can find the number by typing nproc.
When the build process is complete, install the Python binaries by typing:
sudo make altinstall
That's it. Python 3.9 has been installed and ready to be used. To verify it, type:
We’ve shown you how to install Python 3.9 on your Debian 10 system. You can now create a virtual environment and start developing your Python projects.